Senin, 08 Februari 2010

Key facts about Ukraine

Ukraine Elections | Ukrainian Presidential Election of 2010 - Ukrainians went to the polls on Sunday in a tense presidential runoff pitting opposition leader Viktor Yanukovich against incumbent Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko.

Ukraine Elections - Roughly 36 million registered voters are expected to cast their ballot at 34,000 polling stations, which opened at 8:00 a.m. local time (0600 GMT) and closes at 8:00 p.m. local time (1800 GMT). More than 4,000 international observers were monitoring the election, the local Inter TV reported.

The following are some facts and figures about the central European country.

As the largest country in Europe, Ukraine covers an area of 603,700 square km. It is bordered by Russia to the east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south.

Ukraine has a long history which dates back to 4,500 BC. As a former Soviet republic, it declared independence on Aug. 24, 1991.

Ukraine's landscape consists mostly of fertile plains and plateaus, crossed by rivers such as the Dnieper, Seversky Donets, Dniester and the Southern Buh as they flow south into the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov.

The country has a population of around 46 million. Ukrainians form the major ethnic group in the country, accounting for 77.8 percent of the population, according to an official census in 2001. Other ethnic groups include Russians (17.3 percent), Belarusians (0.6 percent) and Moldovans (0.5 percent).

Up to 67.5 percent of the population speak Ukrainian, the country's official language and 29.6 percent of the population speak Russian.

The country transits about 85 percent of Russia's natural gas delivered to West Europe.

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